Page 13 - Alliance for Dade 2023
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Dade County   E s t a blis h e d 1837
 Established 1837

   One of the bloodiest battles   Trenton Depot
   of the Civil War, the Battle of
   Chickamauga, was fought
 D  ade County is now a thriving destination community of more than   September 19-20, 1863, in Dade,
   Catoosa, and Walker Counties.
 16,000 residents with lively mountain arts and music festivals
   The battle was the most significant
 throughout the seasons. But it wasn’t always like that here in “The
 State of Dade.”  Union defeat in the war and had
   the second highest number of
 Dade County, the state’s   casualties following Gettysburg.
 ninety-first county, was   Historic Courthouse
 established in 1837   Citizens of Dade felt alone and forgotten in the northwest corner of the
 as Georgia’s most   state. So, they supported the secession effort in the late 1850s, leading to
 northwestern county,   the nickname “The State of Dade.” The story goes that Dade County leaders
 bordering Alabama        were so frustrated with Georgia’s delay in
 and Tennessee. The       seceding from the Union in 1861 that the
 174-square mile county   Covenant College  county wanted to secede not only from the
 was created from western   United States, but from Georgia as well.
 Walker County by the
 state legislature in 1837   Unlike any other county in the state,
 and named for Major Francis Langhorne Dade, a Virginian who died in the   for its first 102 years of existence Dade
 Second Seminole War.     County was rugged, isolated, and totally
                          disconnected from the rest of the state.
 The original population of Dade County was composed of an indigenous   In fact, visitors had to leave Georgia and
 band of Cherokee, led by Chief Wauhatchie, who were forcibly removed   go through Alabama or Tennessee to visit
 from the land in 1838 during the Trail of Tears. After the formation of Dade   Dade County by road. There was no road
 County and the removal of the indigenous peoples, Dade County grew   connecting this county in the extreme
 slowly, with the first settlers being those who won land in the Georgia   northwest corner of Georgia to the rest
 land lotteries and those who came to work in coke and coal mines.  of the state until 1939, when the state
                          purchased Cloudland Canyon.
 Among those settlers were
 Oddfellows Building  businessmen from Trenton,   Cloudland Canyon
 New Jersey who arrived   That land purchase in 1939 didn’t
 to invest in coal mines.   just lead to the creation of one of
 Seeking to align the county   Georgia’s largest and most scenic
 with the industrial strength   parks – Cloudland Canyon. It
 of New Jersey, those same   led to the “rediscovery” of Dade
 businessmen changed the   County. In 1945, the county passed
 name of the county seat from   a resolution officially rejoining the
 Salem to Trenton. There have   Union, more than 80 years after the
 been four courthouses in   end of the Civil War.
 the City of Trenton. The fourth and current courthouse is on the National
 Register of Historic Places and replaces the preceding courthouse which   Now we welcome you to Discover Dade, too!
 was burned in the Chattanooga Campaign of the Civil War.  Paintings by: Heidi Fawn Wilson

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